reverse osmosis

Water Contaminated with Nickel

There are currently many contaminants that contribute to the impurity of our water. Due to the deterioration of the environment and the rampant usage of chemicals and metals in our industrialized world, it is difficult to keep our drinking water safe from toxins.

NickelOne of the water contaminants we have today is Nickel. Nickel is a type of metal that is present all around us. It is often used in coins, in making stainless steel and alloys, welding products and electronics. Nickel is used extensively. In fact, 8% of nickel is used in household appliances. It is also present in some tablets and other medications, but only in a very small amount.

Nickel is a popular element that we use widely. The reason for this is mainly because of its hardness, strength and its capacity to withstand heat and corrosive elements.

At times, it can find its way to your water supply. There are two main ways that explain the contamination of nickel in your household’s water supply. First, it could be because nickel present in your pipes and fixtures has leaked into your water and is being carried along into your household. Second, nickel from rocks under the ground may have started dissolving over time and trickling its way into your water source and eventually, into your system.

Nickel is necessary for the human body. Our body requires a certain amount of nickel. Despite that, however, the ingestion of nickel in more than the necessary amount can have certain health hazards. Long-time exposure to nickel can also cause various health problems.

Health Hazards Associated with Nickel Exposure

If you ingest water with a high concentration of nickel, chances are you will exhibit symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, shortness of breath and headache. Research shows that people who have ingested nickel also show symptoms of abnormalities in the kidneys.

Aside from the symptoms and conditions mentioned above, nickel usually causes skin irritation. Most of the people exposed to nickel develop allergic contact dermatitis. Studies also showed that acute exposure to nickel in extremely high concentrations can be deadly. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of is also linked to cancer.

nickel in water

Getting Rid of Nickel

Despite the fact that nickel contamination is not rampant, if a huge concentration of it is found in your water, you should be alarmed. There is a way to safeguard your household from nickel contamination along with other contaminants. For Nickel, the installation of a reverse osmosis water treatment system is highly recommended by water experts.

Reverse Osmosis systems remove impurities from your water. These impurities can include chlorine, odors, metals, salt, sediments and other sediments. RO systems pass water through a thin membrane that separates water and the impurities that contaminated it. It’s the exact system you need to get rid of nickel present in your water. Reverse osmosis systems are easy to install and does not demand too much maintenance. The filters of the RO systems require changing once a year. The membrane should be changed within three to five years but other than that, RO systems will provide your household with purified, safe water without the hassle.


Lead Contaminating Your Drinking Water

Lead Contaminating Your Drinking Water?

Lead in drinking water is bad of course, its toxic. Lead is one of the most common elements on earth. In fact, there’s 13mg of lead in every kilogram of the earth’s crust! Lead is useful in things that are essential to our daily living. It is used as main ingredients in making some kinds of batteries, alloys, ammunition, rust inhibitors, sheaths for cable and many other things. Lead is also used as an integral component of many pipes and plumbing items. It is especially common in pipes of older structures which is the primary cause of lead contamination in water.

How can you get exposed to lead?

Lead Contaminating Your Drinking WaterLead is useful in things that are essential to our daily living. It is used as main ingredients in making some kinds of batteries, alloys, ammunition, rust inhibitors, sheaths for cable and many other things. Lead is also used as an integral component of many pipes and plumbing items. It is especially common in pipes of older structures which is the primary cause of lead contamination in water.

There are also many factors that contribute to the leaching of lead into the water from the pipes and plumbing. These factors include the pH level of the water, chloride in the water, the hardness of the water as well as the length of time of exposure to the pipes containing lead. Lead can also find its way into your water supply from dissolution from its natural form, with it being a very common element on the surface of the earth.

You and your family can be exposed to lead through many different media. For instance, lead can be present in the air, and it can be present in our daily dietary intake without our knowledge. We can also be exposed to lead as we handle various items every day. In fact, many medical items contained lead until the recent years when these were slowly removed from the hospital and healthcare setting.

Although there are many media of exposure, lead contamination of your water supply should be a major priority. Lead in water is more controllable compared to other media that lead contamination is associated to.

Why You Need To Test Your Water for Lead

It is important to test your water for lead because it’s a very toxic element. Exposure to lead can lead to irreversible consequences, especially in young children. It can be absorbed more easily when there is a decreased level of iron in the body. People, especially children with anemia are more at risk for lead absorption.

Lead contamination in Drinking water

Common Health hazards of Lead

Researchers have formed several strong points about the effects of lead in humans and animals. In humans, lead is a potent poison. It is even more dangerous for children and pregnant women. In pregnant women, lead exposure leads to preterm delivery in most cases. The baby could also be deformed due to lead exposure. In young, growing children, exposure to low levels of lead can cause a decrease in intellectual ability.

In acute intoxication, muscle tremors, headaches, tiredness, dullness and abdominal cramps may be present. Also, hallucinations, memory loss and encephalopathy could also occur at higher concentrations of lead. The most prominent effect of lead in humans is renal damage.

Chronic symptoms may also vary. It could include gastrointestinal symptoms, mood disturbances, and other cognitive effects may also occur. Lead exposure is also associated with high blood pressure.

Men exposed to high concentrations of lead in drinking water could also suffer from reproductive effects such as decreased sperm count.

Overall, lead can have detrimental effects to people of all ages and all races. Therefore, water tests must regularly be done for the presence of contaminants, especially lead. When it proves to be present in your drinking water, you need to take appropriate measures to get rid of the lead contamination. You need to identify the root of your lead contamination problem. It could be your pipes and fittings. If those are the main causes of lead contamination in your household, you will need to replace your pipes and corrosion control must be done. A water system that can filter lead off from your household’s water supply can be used to make sure that your water is pure and safe enough for drinking.


clean drinking water

Small Communities in the U.S. Scrambling to Cope with Tough Arsenic Standards for Drinking Water

 

During the time when the EPA lowered the arsenic standard for drinkable water from 50 parts to 10 per billion in 2001, a total of 3,000 waters systems were violated. Even today, almost one thousand systems are still in violation.

A decade has passed after the Environmental Protection Agency in the U.S. took aggressive action to control the arsenic in drinking water and several reports that came in had tallied that almost 1,000 water systems that serves more than 1 million people are still not in compliance.

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Treatment Options for Arsenic Water in Homes and Small Communities

Treatment Options for Arsenic Water in Homes and Small Communities

Arsenic is an element that naturally occurs in the earth’s crust and traces of it can be commonly spread throughout the environment. The arsenic in soil originated naturally and human activities in the past also contributed to its increase in some areas.

 

Treatment Options Arsenic Water

The most common and heavily use of arsenic in the United States is in the production of pesticide. As of today, it is still commonly used as a preservative in woods.

Arsenic in Water

In some cities today, there are high traces of arsenic found in the water. This can be very dangerous especially if a person is exposed to high levels of it.

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Turbidity: An Easy Check Using Well water Test Kit

Turbidity: An Easy Check Using Well water Test Kit

What is turbidity?

Turbidity is an optical characteristic of water that is defined as the degree of cloudiness. More specifically, the level of turbidity can describe the effectiveness of a filtration system installation or the basic level of your water quality. Continue reading

Copper and Your Well Water: Part 2 of 2

In this next post, we will look at what you can do to stop copper corrosion from happening in your pipes. Once corrosion occurs,  ions in the copper can easily dissolve into solution with ions in the water. Oxygen in the water rusts, or oxidizes, the copper which turn it a blue-green color.

First, it is important to determine the source of the corrosion if you think it may be occurring. Continue reading

Copper and Your Well Water: Part 1 of 2

Blue-Green Water!

Copper is an essential nutrient that your body needs to distribute oxygen to the rest of the body. However, at elevated concentration levels, copper may pose health risks and plumbing problems. DCP_0093

Copper is rarely naturally occurring in water, but can enter drinking water through corroded well and pipe systems. It usually presents itself with blue-green stains on household appliances. It will also likely taste metallic and bitter. Continue reading

Coliform Bacteria Testing At Home: The Do’s and The Don’ts

Health authorities strongly recommend annual coliform bacteria testing for private water wells as contamination can occur without any change in taste or odor to the water. Depending on your needs, there are many options available for coliform bacteria testing, ranging from testing yourself at home to EPA-certified, lab quality testing.

There are many ways that well water can become contaminated by coliform bacteria, so it is most important to test:

  • Once a year for all private residential water wells
  • After a new well has been constructed
  • After recent work has been done on the well
  • If you suspect or see any indication that contamination has occurred due to interaction with flood water

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Arsenic and Your Well Water: Part 3 of 3

Source: www.periodtable.com

Source: www.periodtable.com

Last post we discussed the potential health effects of arsenic exposure. This week, we will focus on how to treat an arsenic problem in your water.

Once your arsenic levels are tested, the degree of the cleanup job must be assessed.

How can you reduce high levels of arsenic in water?

If the arsenic level in your water is at or above 10 µg/L, refrain from consumption such as drinking or cooking.

There are two strategies to remove a contaminant from the water you use: Continue reading

Arsenic and Your Well Water: Part 2 of 3

Dangers of Arsenic Exposure

Unfortunately, arsenic is very difficult to detect. It is odorless, tasteless, and colorless. For this reason, people can be easily and unknowingly be exposed to high levels of arsenic in their water.

As discussed in Part 1 of this series of blog posts, food is a large source of arsenic into our bodies. Apples, poultry,  mushrooms, rice, and rice cereal all can accumulate high concentrations of the contaminant. Not only are these foods staples in the diets of many across the world, they are also especially crucial in the diets of young children.

However, the dose determines the poison. We breathe, consume, and digest small amounts of arsenic every day. Continue reading